NEMO standing for “Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean” is a state-of-the-art modelling framework for research activities and forecasting services in ocean and climate sciences, developed in a sustainable way by a European consortium. 

 The NEMO ocean model has 3 major components:

• NEMO-OCE models the ocean {thermo}dynamics and solves the primitive equations

• NEMO-ICE (SI3: Sea-Ice Integrated Initiative) models sea-ice {thermo}dynamics, brine inclusions and subgrid-scale thickness variations

• NEMO-TOP (Tracers in the Ocean Paradigm) models the {on,off}line oceanic tracers transport and biogeochemical processes (using PISCES)

These physical core engines are described in their respective reference manuals that must be cited for any work related to their use.